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Professor Kamaldeep Bhui BSc (Pharmacology), MBBS, MSc (Mental Health Studies), MSc (Epidemiology), MD (Research doctorate), FRCPsych, Diploma Clinical Psychotherapy and Associate Member of British Association of Psychotherapists

Professor of Cultural Psychiatry and Epidemiology;
Hon Consultant Psychiatrist

Research Excellence

Professor Bhui is part of the Environmental and Cultural Psychiatry Research Group.

I research socio-cultural risk factors and protective factors, and risks that generate inequalities in population mental health and suicide. I deploy novel anthropological, sociological and epidemiological research methods to optimise care quality, safety and access to assessment and treatment, and public health; for example, the new cultural consultation service (CCS) evalutes narrative and clinical data. My research studies include adolescent and adult populations, with a recent award (CI) to develop new screening tools for dementia in South Asians; PI investigations include studies of chronic fatigue, adolescent self-harm, detention in hospital, housing, discrimination, cultural identity, religiosity, depression, suicide, violence, radicalisation and terrorism, and complex interventions (e.g. CCS and narrative based). Collaborations include work on ethnicity and Hepatitis C, Diabetes, Cancer, urban regeneration, and arts in health. The CCS and MSc Psychological Therapies provide pathways to Improving Access to Effective Therapies, by improving the quality of assessment and treatment as well as  access. Overall, my academic work contributes to prevention, reducing inequalities, building capacity, engaging the public, and addressing stigma to improve outcomes. I have published over 110 papers (30 since 2008) and 10 books (3 since 2008). Grants held: £6.1million in the last 5 years; £1.495m as PI.

Research approaches include methodological innovations for researching health and social care and outcomes in culturally diverse populations. Investigations are located at the interface between epidemiology and social anthropology to improve research quality in hard to reach and socially excluded populations and patient groups, for example, the homeless, and refugees and asylum seekers.

Education

Prof. Bhui is Founding Director of the innovative and highly successful MSc Transcultural Mental Health Care and MSc Psychological Therapies, both of which are grounded in e-learning and blended learning methods. The numbers are growing rapidly, and we now have 85 students a year with new pathways options being planned. We make use of problem based methods, and interactive distance learning processes using communication technologies to fit around our students from all around the world. He is also a teacher, examiner and mentor for undergraduate medical students at Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry. Students are encouraged to undertake original cutting edge research and write this up for publication with senior academics (see publication lists).

Clinical Leadership

Professor Bhui is Consultant Psychiatrist in Psychotherapy, and has worked in Community Mental Health Teams, Assertive Outreach Teams, and with a team working with homeless people in East London. Current work involves specialist assessment of referrals to tertiary psychotherapy service, especially the assessment and management of complex culturally influenced presentations.

As Director of the innovative Cultural Consultation Serviceand the popular cultural consultation club, Professor Bhui contributes to workforce development and provision of high quality and culturally capable care. This service has also attracted referrals from medico-legal and private and public organisations seeking to better understand complex cultural presentations. As part of research and service development roles, Prof Bhui pioneered the EPIC service innovations (Enhancing Pathways Into Care), and led on the Mental Health Outcomes compendium for professionals to use in mental health care, as well as the access and engagement topic group for the NICE schizophrenia guidelines update.

Professional Leadership and Memberships

Professional Organisations:
He is a board member and President-Elect of the World Association of Cultural Psychiatry (2009-2012) due to take up the Presidency following the 3rd World Congress in Cultural Psychiatry to be hosted by Queen Mary University of London (see wacp2012.org). He is a member of the executive of the Transcultural Psychiatry Section of the World Psychiatric Association, and an honorary member of GLADET (Latin American Group of Transcultural Studies). He is Public Health Lead (2009-2013) at the Royal College of Psychiatrists, former Chair of Transcultural Special Interest Group at the Royal College of Psychiatrists and former President of the Psychiatry Section of the Royal Society of Medicine, and Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Charities:
He is professional advisor to Kids Company and African Mental Health Foundation, and Trustee and Director at Careif. Careif is a new international charity based in London, England. We aim to share knowledge internationally about mental health in order to improve people’s wellbeing, how to live healthily and ensure that working practices and services are suited to different cultures across the world.".

Editorial Work:
He is on the editorial board for the International Journal of Social Psychiatry, Ethnicity and Health, BMC Psychiatry, BMC Research Notes, Transcultural Psychiatry, and Editor of International Journal of Culture and Mental Health.

Public Engagement and Knowledge Dissemination

Research and knowledge are regularly disseminated through academic conferences, charities work, and public events, for example, exploring medicine, science and art at the Wellcome Trust, Tate Modern, and a series of meetings at the Royal Society of Medicine, Royal College of Psychiatrists, and the Barbican. Professor Bhui is President of the 3rd World Congress of Cultural Psychiatry, to be held in London March 9th-11th 2012 (see wacp2012.org).

Publications

Papers

Bhui KS, Lenguerrand E, Maynard M. Stansfeld S. Harding S. Does cultural integration explain a mental health advantage for adolescents? International Journal of Epidemiology. 2012, doi:10.1093/ije/dys007 (In Press)

Bhui KS, Hicks MH, Lashley M, Jones E. A public health approach to
understanding and preventing violent radicalisation. BMC Med. 2012 Feb 14;10(1):16.

Campion J, Bhui K, Bhugra D. European Psychiatric Association (EPA) guidance on prevention of mental disorders. Eur Psychiatry. 2012 Feb;27(2):68-80.

Bhui K. A debate on cultural competence in mental health is urgently needed. Ment Health Today. 2011 Nov-Dec:9.

Tuck A, Bhui K, Nanchahal K, McKenzie K. Suicide by burning in the South Asianorigin population in England and Wales a secondary analysis of a national data set. BMJ Open. 2011 Dec 19;1(2)

Bhui KS, Dinos S, McKenzie K. Ethnicity and its influence on suicide rates and risk. Ethn Health. 2011 Dec 19.

Bache RA, Bhui KS, Dein S, Korszun A. African and Black Caribbean origin cancer survivors: a qualitative study of the narratives of causes, coping and care experiences. Ethn Health. 2011 Nov 23.

Adamson J, Warfa N, Bhui K. A case study of organisational Cultural Competence in mental healthcare. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011 Sep 15;11:218.

Keown P, Weich S, Bhui KS, Scott J. Association between provision of mental illness beds and rate of involuntary admissions in the NHS in England 1988-2008: ecological study. BMJ. 2011 Jul 5;343:d3736.

Bhui K, Dinos S. Preventive psychiatry: a paradigm to improve population mental health and well-being. Br J Psychiatry. 2011 Jun;198(6):417-9.

Bhui K. Cultural psychiatry and epidemiology: researching the means, methods and meanings. Transcult Psychiatry. 2011 Apr;48(1-2):90-103.

Jayakody A, Sinha S, Tyler K, Khadr SN, Clark C, Klineberg E, Booy R, Bhui K,Head JJ, Stansfeld S, Roberts H, Viner RM. Early sexual risk among black and minority ethnicity teenagers: a mixed methods study. J Adolesc Health. 2011 May;48(5):499-506.

Bhui KS, Dinos S, Ashby D, Nazroo J, Wessely S, White PD. Chronic fatigue syndrome in an ethnically diverse population: the influence of psychosocial adversity and physical inactivity. BMC Med. 2011 Mar 21;9:26.

Bhugra D, Gupta S, Bhui K, Craig T, Dogra N, Ingleby JD, Kirkbride J,
Moussaoui D, Nazroo J, Qureshi A, Stompe T, Tribe R. WPA guidance on mental health and mental health care in migrants. World Psychiatry. 2011 Feb;10(1):2-10.

Weich S, Griffith L, Commander M, Bradby H, Sashidharan SP, Pemberton S,Jasani R, Bhui KS. Experiences of acute mental health care in an ethnically diverse inner city: qualitative interview study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012 Jan;47(1):119-28.

Bhui K. Commentary: Religious, cultural and social influences on suicidal behaviour. Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Dec;39(6):1495-6.

Bhui K. Culture and complex interventions: lessons for evidence, policy and practice. Br J Psychiatry. 2010 Sep;197(3):172-3.

Bhui K, Warfa N. Trauma, khat and common psychotic symptoms among Somali immigrants: a quantitative study. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Dec 1;132(3):549-53.

Bhui KS, Admasachew LA, Persaud A. The promotion of children's health and wellbeing: the contributions of England's charity sector. BMC Res Notes. 2010 Jul 13;3:188.

Rothon C, Edwards P, Bhui K, Viner RM, Taylor S, Stansfeld SA. Physical activity and depressive symptoms in adolescents: a prospective study. BMC Med. 2010 May 28;8:32.

McGilloway A, Hall RE, Lee T, Bhui KS. A systematic review of personality disorder, race and ethnicity: prevalence, aetiology and treatment. BMC Psychiatry. 2010 May 11;10:33.

Bhui K. Culture, religion and health care. Int J Integr Care. 2010 Jan 29;10 Suppl:e021.

Odenwald M, Warfa N, Bhui K, Elbert T. (2009) The stimulant khat-Another door in the wall? A call for overcoming the barriers. J Ethnopharmacol.

Bhui K. (2009) The new science of cultural epidemiology to tackle ethnic health inequalities. J Public Health (Oxf). 2009 Sep;31(3):322-3.

Dinos S, Khoshaba B, Ashby D, White PD, Nazroo J, Wessely S, Bhui KS. (2009) A systematic review of chronic fatigue, its syndromes and ethnicity: prevalence, severity, co-morbidity and coping. Int J Epidemiol. 38(6):1554-70.

Rüdell K, Bhui K, Priebe S. (2009) Concept, development and application of a new mixed method assessment of cultural variations in illness perceptions: Barts Explanatory Model Inventory. J Health Psychol. 14(2):336-47.

McKenzie K, Bhui K, Nanchahal K, Blizard B. Suicide rates in people of South Asian origin in England and Wales: 1993-2003. Br J Psychiatry. 2008 Nov;193(5):406-9.

Bowers L, Whittington R, Nolan P, Parkin D, Curtis S, Bhui K, Hackney D, Allan T, Simpson A. Relationship between service ecology, special observation and self-harm during acute in-patient care: City-128 study. Br J Psychiatry. 2008 Nov;193(5):395-401.

Rüdell K, Bhui K, Priebe S. Do 'alternative' help-seeking strategies affect primary care service use? A survey of help-seeking for mental distress. BMC Public Health. 2008 Jun 11;8:207.

Viner RM, Clark C, Taylor SJ, Bhui K, Klineberg E, Head J, Booy R, Stansfeld SA. Longitudinal risk factors for persistent fatigue in adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 May;162(5):469-75.

Bhui K, Khatib Y, Viner R, Klineberg E, Clark C, Head J, Stansfeld S. Cultural identity, clothing and common mental disorder: a prospective school-based study of white British and Bangladeshi adolescents. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 May;62(5):435-41.

Bhui KS, McKenzie K. Rates and risk factors by ethnic group for suicides within a year of contact with mental health services in England and Wales. Psychiatr Serv. 2008 Apr;59(4):414-20.

Bhui K, Warfa N. Drug consumption in conflict zones in Somalia. PLoS Med. 2007 Dec;4(12):e354.

Bhui K, McKenzie K, Rasul F. Rates, risk factors & methods of self harm among minority ethnic groups in the UK: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2007 Nov 19;7:336.

Warfa N, Klein A, Bhui K, Leavey G, Craig T, Alfred Stansfeld S. Khat use and mental illness: a critical review. Soc Sci Med. 2007 Jul;65(2):309-18.

McKenzie K, Bhui K. Institutional racism in mental health care. BMJ. 2007 Mar 31;334(7595):649-50.

Bhui K, Warfa N, Edonya P, McKenzie K, Bhugra D. Cultural competence in mental health care: a review of model evaluations. BMC Health Serv Res. 2007 Jan 31;7:15.

Clark C, Haines MM, Head J, Klineberg E8, Arephin M, Viner R, Taylor SJ, Booy R, Bhui K, Stansfeld SA. Psychological symptoms and physical health and health behaviours in adolescents: a prospective 2-year study in East London. Addiction. 2007 Jan;102(1):126-35.

Wadsworth E, Dhillon K, Shaw C, Bhui K, Stansfeld S, Smith A. Racial discrimination, ethnicity and work stress. Occup Med (Lond). 2007 Jan;57(1):18-24.

Bhui K, Rüdell K, Priebe S. Assessing explanatory models for common mental disorders. J Clin Psychiatry. 2006 Jun;67(6):964-71.

Books

Bhui K (Editor) Culture & Mental Health. Critical Questions for Clinicians. Gaskell  (2012), In Press.

Bhugra, D. Craig, T. Bhui, K. Mental Health of Refugees and Asylum Seekers. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Bhui, K. Psychiatry and Crime, RSM Press, 2008.

Bhui, K. Bhugra, D. Culture and Mental Health: A Comprehensive Textbook. Hodder, 2007.

Bhugra, D. & Bhui, K. A Textbook of Cultural Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Bhui, K. Weich, S. Lloyd, K. Pocket Psychiatry. Saunders, London, 2002.

Bhui, K. Racism and Mental Health. Jessica Kingsley, London, 2002.

Bhugra, D. Bhui, K. Cross Cultural Psychiatry. Arnold. London. 2000.

Bhui, K. Olajide, D. Mental Health Service Provision for a Multi-cultural Society. Saunders, 1999.

Bhui, K. Lewis, A. Philpot, M. MRCPsych Tutor: Part 1 MCQs, Saunders, London, 1992.

 
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